Wednesday, April 10, 2013

AGO - Revealing the Early Renaissance and Other Exhibits

Being neither religious nor a fan of religious art, I tried to appreciate the AGO's new exhibit "Revealing the Early Renaissance" more from a historic perspective than an artistic or spiritual one.  The audio guide, wall plaques and members' talk helped to put the pieces in context and explain their significance relative to previous religious works from the Medieval times.

We learned how the wealthy Florentinians of the 1300s commissioned religious art as a way to assuage their guilt over the prosperity that they were experiencing, and perhaps to show off their wealth a bit as well.  This new source of funding for works that previously were mainly paid for by the Church, led to changes in the artistic endeavours in terms of both style and subject matter.

Compared to the preceding Medieval period with its formal, ritualized portrayals of religious icons, the art took on a more expressive, realistic style, depicting figures in proper human scale and perspective.  The "Peruzzi Altarpiece" by Giotto di Bondone provided a good example of this.  The four panels on the left including paintings of Saint John, Mary Magdalene, Jesus and Saint John the Baptiste seem stiff and wooden compared to the more subtle, pensive depiction of Saint Francis on the far right.  The theory is that only Saint Francis was actually created by Giotto di Bondone, while the other figures were done by his apprentices who still used the old Medieval techniques.

A hinged panel triptych by Bernado Daddi reveals the Virgin Mary stretching her hand down beyond the heavenly realm into the earthly realm.  This depiction of "human" interaction was unusual prior to this period.  Many beautifully illuminated manuscripts were also on display with colourful scenes, initials and symbols either imbedded within the text or drawn along the borders.  There were also several striking examples of stained glass by Pacinodi Bonaguida.

The subject matter of the Florentine Renaissance art started to stray from religious imagery to include the day to day lives of merchants, tradespeople and artisans.  The very first artifact on display in the exhibit was a grain merchant's ledger which he had illuminated as a way of leaving a legacy of his life's work.

It was a bit startling to see extremely graphic and gruesome renderings of the crucifixion of Jesus with blood gushing out of his wounds, or the martrydom of various saints including the beheading of Saint James the Greater and the burning on hot coals of Saint Lawrence.

Patti Smith's "Camera Solo" exhibit focuses mainly on very personal, black and white photos that she took over the years.  Many of them are of objects that she either collected or wanted to remember, and are accompanied by a written description explaining their significance.  These include images of two pairs of slippers, one belonging to her partner Robert Maplethorpe and the other to Pope Benedict VX, her father's teacup, and artist Frida Khalo's dress.  In some cases, the actual artifacts were on display next to the photos.

Smith is probably better known as a singer-songwriter.  In the first room of the exhibit, a tablet was set up to play her top 10 songs as voted by fans on Facebook.  I had only heard of two of them before–"Because the Night", which she wrote and performed with Bruce Springsteen, and "Gloria" (G-L-O-R-I-A),  although I only knew the original version by the group "Them".  I was impressed by her cover version which had deeper, poetic lyrics invoking religious imagery, and a punk sound.  In general, I really like her deep smokey voice and enjoyed all the chosen songs in this list.  I spent quite a bit of time listening to the songs on headphones while browsing through Smith's books of poetry.

The first time we encountered Kim Adams' art was at the Hamilton Art Gallery where his Bruegel-Bosch Bus is installed.  This is a 1960 Volkswagen bus that is covered with vintage toys, models and figurines.  The installation currently displaying at the AGO, called Artist Colony (Gardens), continues with his usage of miniatures.  He constructs a mini world filled with scenes from both urban and country life, with a focus on food production.  The details are fascinating to see and include humourous vignettes such as a man coming out of an outhouse while his fellow camper is trapped up a tree by bears, people enjoying the beach or outdoor patios, culprits being arrested while reporters photograph the takedown, farmers picking crops and tending to live stock.

We stumbled upon a collection of art from the Netherlands that I found quite intriguing.  One painting of a winter scene of villagers playing on an ice pond was reminiscent of a Cornelius Krieghoff painting, except for the 17th century Dutch clothing that they wore, and windmills in the background.  Another depiction of nine dutch proverbs by Pieter the Younger Brughel had us trying to guess what the sayings were, based on the diagrams.  I found a few of them later on the internet, including "Filling the Well After the Calf Has Drowned", or in other words, "Too Little Too Late".  Finally, I was mesmerized by the painting of a woman holding a skull in her hand.  The lighting effect on her face was stunning to behold.  As so often happens, I found myself enjoying these unexpected, unadvertised finds within the gallery as much as I do the big blockbusters exhibitions.

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